Performance of my portfolio for 2016 was only 7.4%, underperforming S&P which made 9.54%.
On 12-31-16 the relative proportions of holdings were
No stock trades were made this year.
Beginning with Q2 2016 dividends were credited to cash instead of reinvested, to build a reserve for future purchase of stocks when they should reach an attractive low price.
The performance of my stocks in the market was as follows:
Possible causes of the relatively low performance are as follows.
In the market volatility in September 2015 and January 2016, the S&P fell 10% from its peak of 2126 on July 17 2015 to 1921 on September 4, 2015, before climbing again to a peak of 2099 in November 6, then falling 12% to 1864 on February 12, 2016. Unfortunately, I had no cash ready to invest in order to take advantage of the attractive low prices which appeared during the dip. That is one reason that my performance was lower than it should be. To address this, as mentioned above I began setting aside dividends to build a cash balance to fund acquisitions at attractive prices, whenever these should appear.
Another reason was that SBUX and VISA had suboptimal years in performance, although not as businesses. SBUX missed revenue expectations for the first threequarters of 2016, then beat in Q4. It beat earnings in Q1, met in-line in Q2 and 3, and barely beat in Q4. The stock price more of less followed these results.
During 2016 Starbucks began developing its strategy of “premiumization” of the Starbucks experience, with the Roastery flagships stores and the Reserve category of Starbucks stores. The various initiatives to expand the Channel Development segment continued. The Full year 2016 revenue rose 11% and non-GAAP EPS 17% yoy, so hardly a poor showing. The trailing PE is currently about 30, which is approximately average for recent 10 years. The continued evolution of SBUX to strengthen its competitive advantage and adapt to new markets is intact.
VISA acquired VISA Europe on June 21, 2016, for €12.2 billion ($13.9 billion) and €5.3 billion ($6.1 billion) in preferred stock, convertible to VISA Class A stock, with an additional €1.0 billion, plus 4% compound annual interest, to be paid on June 21, 2019. To pay for this, VISA in December 2015 issued $16 billion of senior notes with maturities ranging between two and 30 years. The acquisition was expected to be dilutive to earnings in 2016 in the low single digit range.
Stock dilution is being offset as the $16B debt issuance is being used partly to increase stock buy backs. The acquisition should be accretive in low single digits in 2017 excluding integration costs, and accretive in high single digit range by 2020. The increased earnings are partly from increased efficiency: increased scale, cost cutting efficiencies realized by integration of the businesses, and benefits related to Visa Europe’s transition from a member-owned association to a for-profit enterprise. VISA Inc. will be positioned to take on the estimated 37%, or USD $3.3 trillion, of personal cash and check spending in Europe. Europe has been an early adopter of mobile payments using NFC, expected to grow. Visa Inc. has aggressively launched new mobile payment partnerships, platforms and products that will enable faster growth and adoption of mobile payments in Europe. This includes new tokenization services, support for digital wallets and wearables, strategic investments in other enabling technologies, ecommerce (such as VISA Checkout) and P2P payment capabilities, as well as the opening of several global innovation centers.
VISA will be able to present a seamless experience and global capabilities to its European and international clients. Hence the evolution of VISA Inc. to strengthen its competitive advantage as digital payments global market leader, and adapt to serve evolving markets, is intact.